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1961年 写真で見るロックの歴史 – 1961 Rock Music Photo Gallery

ロックの歴史⑤

アメリカに新時代のサウンドが登場
キューバ危機、ケネディ大統領暗殺など激動の時代を予感させる事件が続発するなか、ロックンロールの洗礼を受けた若者たちが新しい音楽の模索を始めた。

東海岸のニューヨークではボブ・ディランが黒人差別や反戦運動など,社会問題を鋭くえぐる作品を発表し世相を描くフォークソングで一世を風靡し、西海岸のカリフォルニアでは、海をテーマに青春を謳歌する若者たちを題材にしたビーチ・ボーイズのサーフィン・ミュージックが人気を博し、そのブームに乗ったベンチャーズによってエレキブームを起こした。 

 

January 1961 - The Shirelles begin a new wave of "girl groups" as they top the charts with the Goffin/King composition "Will You Love Me Tomorrow".February 1961 - Brooklyn, NY singer songwriter Neil Sedaka has his third US Top Ten hit as the single "Calendar Girl" goes to #4. February 1961 - Queens, NY doo wop group The Capris have a surprise #3 hit with "There's A Moon Out Tonight" recorded almost two years before.March 1961 - Memphis, TN singer Carla Thomas, the daughter of R&B singer Rufus Thomas, hits #5 R&B, #10 Pop with the song "Gee Whiz (Look At His Eyes) which she had written at age 15.March 1961 - Chubby Checker keeps the dance hits coming in '61 with "Pony Time" #1, "Let's Twist Again" #8, and "The Fly" #7.March 1961 - After leaving The Drifters, Ben E. King has his first Top Ten solo hit with "Spanish Harlem" written by Jerry Leiber and Phil Spector. In December he hits #4 with "Stand By Me".April 1961 - A doo wop reworking of the pop standard "Blue Moon" goes to the top for Pittsburgh, PA vocal group The Marcels. May 1961 - New Orleans R&B singer Ernie K-Doe tops the Pop and R&B charts with the song "Mother-In-Law" written and produced by Allen Toussaint.April 1961 - California surfer and guitarist Dick Dale puts out the instrumental "Let's Go Trippin" on his own Deltone label. The song is a regional hit in California and goes to #60 nationally. The song is  considered the first surf rock hit.May 1961 - Grand Rapids, Michigan native Del Shannon has a #1 hit with "Runaway", complete  with a solo featuring an early version of a synthesizer called the Musitron.June 1961 - "Travellin' Man" is #1 for 21-year-old teen idol Ricky Nelson off his sixth album.June 1961 - Norfolk, VA singer Gary U.S. Bonds hits the top of the charts with the single "Quarter to Three" which goes on to sell over a million copies. June 1961 - "Raindrops" by Chicago R&B singer songwriter Dee Clark hits #2 Pop, #3 R&B. The song is Clark's fifth R&B Top Ten hit.July 1961 - New Orleans R&B singer Chris Kenner hits #2 on both the Pop and R&B charts with the single "I Like It Like That".July 1961 - Gladys Knight & The Pips, a family band from Atlanta, GA score their first hit with "Every Beat of My Heart" #1 R&B, #6 Pop.July 1961 - Bobby Lewis of Detroit, MI goes to #1 with the single "Tossin' and Turnin". August 1961 - The house band at Memphis label Stax Records, The Mar-Keys, have a #3 hit with the instrumental single "Last Night".August 1961 - Phil Spector produces Yuma, AZ singer Curtis Lee and they hit the US Top Ten with the single "Pretty Little Angel Eyes".September 1961 - Bobby Vee continues his chart succes  with the #1 single "Take Good Care of My Baby" by the songwriting team of Goffin/King,September 1961 - Wesleyan College folk group The Highwaymen have a #1 hit with "Michael (Row The Boat Ashore)". October 1961 - Rockville, CT singer songwriter Gene Pitney hits #13 US with the movie theme "Town Without Pity". October 1961 - Ray Charles tops the US charts (#6 UK) for the second time with the single "Hit The Road Jack". October 1961 - Bronx, NY singer Dion DiMucci, formerly of Dion & The Belmonts, hits #1 US, #11 UK as a solo artist with the single "Runaround Sue" on Laurie Records.October 1961 - Producer Phil Spector scores again with the San Francisco, CA act the Paris Sisters, who reach #5 US with "I Love How You Love Me".November 1961 - American country singer Jimmy Dean has a #1 US, #2 UK crossover hit with the American folklore single "Big Bad John".October 1961 - After releasing his first album in 1960, Johnny Hallyday, tops the European charts with his cover of "Let's Twist Again".November 1961 - The Beach Boys, a group from Hawthorne, California featuring vocal harmonies, have a regional hit with their first single "Surfin".December 1961 - Inkster, MI girl group The Marvelettes bring Motown their first US #1 hit with the single "Please Mr. Postman".December 1961 - Country singer Patsy Cline continues the crossover success of "the Nashville sound" with her hits "I Fall to Pieces" and "Crazy", the latter song written by Willie Nelson.December 1961 - Brooklyn, NY based vocal group The Tokens hit US #1  with their doo wop hit "The Lion Sleeps Tonight".

 

Photo:Rock Music Timeline(http://www.rockmusictimeline.com/)

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